TMD (Temporal Mandibular Dysfunction)

The temporal mandibular joint (commonly referred to as TMJ) is essentially the joint between the temporal bone of the skull and the mandible. This joint can move in many directions and acts as a “hinge” (to open and close the mouth), it rotates and has to work in conjunction with the opposite joint on the other side.

 

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Injury to this joint from a direct force, strain or sprain can cause TMD (temporal mandibular dysfunction). Dysfunction in the joint can also be caused from grinding or forces on the joint, which may or may not be due to alignment issues within the mouth itself.

ONE OUT OF EIGHT PEOPLE in Canada are living with pain related to TMD every day. Thankfully, if diagnosed and treated correctly, relief is just around the corner.

Common Symptoms of TMD

TMD, or temporomandibular joint disorder, is pain and discomfort caused by problems with the jaw, jaw joint, and surrounding facial muscles that control chewing and moving the jaw.

Common TMD symptoms include:

  • Jaw muscle stiffness; limited movement or locking of the jaw
  • Painful clicking, popping, or grating in the jaw joint
  • Chronic headaches/migraines
  • Pain in the neck and shoulders
  • Earaches or ringing ears

TMD Has Multiple Causes

Adding to TMD’s complexity, there can be multiple causes. While an autoimmune disease or various forms of arthritis can affect your temporomandibular joint, some lesser known causes of TMD include bruxism (teeth grinding/clenching), bad bite, and stress.

Depending on your symptoms, various treatments and solutions are available such as:

  • Muscle relaxation techniques/stress management
  • Physical therapy
  • Medication
  • Surgery

Don’t Suffer Needlessly!

If you have concerns about TMD, difficulties with headaches or grind your teeth, we may have options for treatment. Please talk with your Dentist about any concerns you may have, call our office today to make an appointment at (780)849-2234

 


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